Felder, Secretary Febuary and A.
The new website has a cleaner look, additional video and audio clips, revised trial accounts, and new features that should improve the navigation. An Account by Douglas O. Linder The National Pencil factory, site of the murder of Mary Phagan The discovery of the body of a thirteen-year-old girl in the basement of an Atlanta pencil factory where she had gone to collect her pay check shocked the citizens of that crime-ravaged southern city and roused its public officials to find a suspect and secure a conviction.
Unfortunately, it now seems, events and the South's anti-Semitism conspired to lead to the conviction of the wrong man, the factory's Jewish superintendent, Leo Frank. The case ultimately drew the attention of the United States Supreme Court and the Governor of Georgia, but neither the Constitution nor a Governor's commutation could spare Frank a violent death at the end of rope strung from a Georgia The Murder that Shocked Georgia Around 3 a.
The body was that of a thirteen-year-old girl. Her skull was dented and caked with blood. A piece of jute rope was wrapped around her neck.
A worker at the factory called to the scene identified the body: Within the previous decade, Atlanta had experienced a serious race riot and recorded the highest arrest rate of any major city in the country. Child labor laws were widely ignored and children worked for as little as 22 cents a week.
The Mary Phagan murder unleashed a pent up frustration with the pathological conditions of the city. Ten thousand mourners lined up to view Phagan's body and an angry citizenry demanded that the young girl's murder be avenged. Atlanta 's mayor told police: One seemed to identify the murderer "a long tall negro black that hoo it wase"while the other suggested that the writer was told by the actual murderer to throw suspicion elsewhere "he said he would love me Detectives seemed even less interested in another piece of evidence that would influence later assessments of guilt: When the elevator descended to the basement, the foul odor that was released eliminated doubts as to the nature of the substance.
The sloppy investigation also left untested bloody fingerprints on a basement door and on the dead girl's jacket. Ignoring some of the more obvious clues, authorities instead developed a theory that the murder took place near a lathe in a workroom outside Leo Frank's office and that the body was dragged to the elevator and taken to the basement.
The theory was based on what appeared to be bloodstains near the lathe, as well as hair in the work area that seemed to match that of Mary Phagan's.
Although suspicion at first had focused on the watchman, Newt Lee who was arrested, grilled for three days, and locked in the city jailtestimony at a Coroner's inquest began to make police think that Frank might have been the actual perpetrator.
Several other employees at the factory also claimed they had seen Frank flirt with various females at the plant. An additional development convinced Solicitor Hugh Dorsey that the time had come to seek a murder indictment against Leo Frank.
It came in the form of an affidavit from Nina Formby, the owner of a "rooming house," stating that Frank had made repeated calls to her on the day of the murder attempting to reserve a room for himself and a girl.
Formby's claims were later contradicted by the maid at the rooming house, who said no calls were made that day and, if they had been made, she would have picked up the phone.
On May 24, a grand jury granted the indictment sought by Dorsey. Even as the jury was indicting Frank, reports surfaced that a year-old black sweeper at the factory named Jim Conley admitted to having written the murder notes found near Mary's body.
Conley was the same man who had been observed washing blood from a shirt by a foreman at the plant--a piece of evidence that detectives were surprisingly incurious about when they heard from the foreman two days after the crime.
Conley claimed that he wrote the murder notes at the behest of Frank who, he said, had called him into his office the day before the murder. The improbability of the plant superintendent taking a black sweeper into his confidence concerning a murderous plot, and asking him to pen such strange notes, was apparent to some in the press and even to authorities who had trained their suspicion on Frank.
Long sessions with Conley produced a second, and then a third, affidavit modifying the tale told in his original May 24 statement. In his revised story, Conley claimed that Frank had asked him to guard the door while he, presumably, engaged in some sexual activity with Phagan.
But things went wrong and Phagan fell against a machine in the metal room and then Frank requested Conley's help in disposing of the body. Together the two men dragged the body to the elevator, took it to the basement, and dumped it in the corner.
Only then, to throw police off the track, did Frank ask Conley to write the two murder notes.Why the Leo Frank lynching resonates a century later A conversation with Steve Oney, author of the definitive account of the secretive hanging in Marietta that was never prosecuted and amounted to. Reasons Leo Frank Is Guilty.
Published by Penelope Lee on April 26, Leo Frank’s reaction was powerful: “Leo M. Frank was confronted in his cell by the startling confession of the negro sweeper, James Connally but to say he wasn’t a victim of antisemitism is just lunacy.
Kris on December 2nd, pm @M. A century ago today, Leo Frank was laid to rest in a Queens cemetery. Paul Berger tells the wrenching story of the Jewish lynching victim’s final journey home to his mother’s Brooklyn.
Another in our series of new transcriptions of contemporary articles on the Leo Frank case.. Atlanta Constitution. Saturday, May 24 th, City Detective Department Holds Statements Alleging Attorney Made Attempt to Secure Coleman Affidavit.
More or less, Leo Frank was a victim of press influencing public opinion, the need for Hugh Dorsey (the prosecutor) to have a successful case, and racial prejudice of the time. Contrary to public opinion, Leo Frank was not guilty for murdering Mary Phagan.
Leo Frank, superintendent of the pencil factory, Although in his essay Bruno Bettelheim says his intention is not to put down the Frank family, the majority of his essay shows him criticizing the Franks.
Bettelheim states that the Frank whereby she is able to endure the challenges that she faced in her childhood life (Frank 2).